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Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

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    Term Definitition
    A
    Abrasion Resistance A glove’s ability to protect against abrasions.
    Allergen Content General measure of the glove’s known allergy issues relating to a type of glove.
    Ambidextrous Gloves that can be worn on both left and right hands.
    AQL Acceptable Quality Limit
    ASTM The American Society for Testing and Materials. An independent industry group that provides guidelines for standards for glove specification.
    B
    B Grade Rejected medical grade gloves, often sold as multipurpose grade gloves.
    Barrier Integrity The glove’s ability to provide a protective barrier for a user.
    Barrier Protection Defines a glove’s ability to repel a substance and maintain protection for the user.
    C
    Case Refers to the product packaging that holds glove dispensers inside.
    Chemical Resistance Refers to a glove’s ability to protect a user from a specific substance agent.
    Chlorination The process of cleaning latex gloves to reduce protein content (which can cause allergic reactions) and make the gloves more slippery so that they are easier to don.
    Cuff The bottom edge of a glove. Can be a rolled cuff, gauntlet cuff, scalloped cuff or others.
    Curing Also known as vulcanization. A process in glove production where the glove compound is strengthened using heat or chemicals to create the glove material.
    Cut Resistance A glove’s ability to protect the user from being cut.
    D
    Degradation Material breakdown in a glove.
    Dipping The process through which a glove form is dipped into a chemical compound during production to begin shaping the glove from its raw material state.
    Dispenser (DP) Refers to the product packaging from which gloves can be directly removed. Is delivered within the outer case.
    Disposable Gloves Single-use gloves intended to be discarded after one use.
    Don The act of putting a glove on.
    Donning Powder Powder added to gloves to facilitate application and comfort of glove.
    E
    Each (EA) One single item
    Elasticity Refers to a glove’s ability to stretch and return to form.
    Elongation Measures a glove’s ability to stretch and return to form.
    Embossed Finish A textured finish created in the manufacture of poly glove manufacturing
    F
    Factory Seconds Rejected medical grade gloves, often sold as multipurpose grade gloves.
    FDA Food and Drug Administration
    FDA 510 (k) Identifies gloves as being suitable for non-surgical medical use.
    Finish The outer texture of a glove.
    Flat Pack (FP) Stacked, loose bags
    Flock-lined Flock-lined gloves contain an inner liner composed of fibers that are used to improve the comfort of the glove.
    Form, Feel and Comfort Define the general fit, comfort and tactile feel provided by the glove.
    Former Hand-like object that is dipped into the glove compound, and is used to shape the glove compound during production.
    G
    Glove Memory Memory refers to a glove’s ability to form to a user’s hand, providing maximum comfort and less fatigue.
    H
    HACCP Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points
    Header (HD) Cardboard piece at the top of a saddle pack of bags.
    Human Rights Certification Independent plant level certification recognizing manufacturing facilities operating in a humane manner.
    K
    Knock Down (KD) Empty case, broken down
    L
    Latex (LTX) Latex is a natural rubber, extracted from the Hevea brasiliensis tree (rubber tree).
    Latex Allergy An allergy associated with contact with natural rubber latex.
    Leaching The process of cleaning latex gloves that lowers exposure to latex allergy.
    Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) A thermoplastic made from monomer ethylene.
    Low Protein Gloves tested to contain less than 50u grams of protein, the lowest allowable claim by FDA standards.
    M
    Master (MC) Outer case
    Mil Unit of measurement used to measure glove thickness 1 mil = 1/1000 inch
    N
    Neoprene A synthetic rubber glove material created from a polymerized form of Chloroprene.
    Nitrile (NIT) Synthetic glove material consisting of acrylonitrile, butadiene and a carboxylic acid.
    O
    OEG Hot-cast embossed (creates tiny air pockets permitting air to circulate around the hand) poly glove
    Online Production Practice where gloves are taken directly off the main line and are not seconds or medical rejects.
    OSHA Occupational Health and Safety Administration
    OSFM One size fits most
    P
    Pair (PR) Two gloves = a pair
    Pinhole Test Glove quality testing method in which the glove is filled with water to detect holes.
    Plasticizers Chemical components added to synthetic gloves responsible for properties such as elongation, form, fit and function.
    Polyethylene (OEG) Glove material produced through the polymerization of ethylene.
    Polymer Chemical compound comprised of molecules with repeating elements.
    Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Glove compound used to create vinyl gloves comprised of a combination of chlorine and ethylene that is converted to PVC through a series of chemical reactions.
    Powdered (PP) Gloves that are lightly powdered on the inside with food grade corn starch.
    Powder-Free (PF) Gloves with no powder on the inside.
    Protein Content Natural latex rubber contains protein, which is the major contributor to latex allergy.
    Puncture Resistance Refers to a glove’s ability to resist holes and tears caused by a pointed instrument.
    R
    Resistance A glove’s ability to protect the user from a chemical or physical condition or environmental contaminant.
    Rolled Cuff A cuff that is formed by rolling material up into a thicker band at the base of the glove.
    S
    Saddle Pack (SP) Bags packaged with a header; 200 bags per saddle pack.
    Saddle Pack Wire Holder Designed to stand on counter tops along kitchen lines to hold the saddle bags for easy access.
    Siliconization or Copolymerization A surface treatment that aids donning and provides greater comfort. Additional treatment of the outside glove surface can assure better grip in various wet and dry professional environments.
    Skin-Free Contact Manufacturing A unique manufacturing process whereby the first human hands to touch the glove are the user’s.
    SMG Certification
    (Standard Malaysian Glove)
    Specifies technical requirements for all types of single-use, natural rubber examination gloves made in Malaysia and certified as Standard Malaysian Gloves (SMG). This is a non-governmental, voluntary organization.
    Strength and Durability Measures a glove’s ability to perform under stress and pressure.
    Supported Glove A glove that is created with a fabric liner under a protective coating.
    Synthetic (SYN) Glove material made without latex.
    T
    Tactile Sensitivity The glove’s ability to provide a realistic feel.
    Tensile Strength A glove’s ability to resist tearing when stretched.
    Texture A glove finish that allows for improved grip and slip resistance.
    U
    Unsupported Gloves Unsupported gloves are so named because porcelain hand forms are dipped directly into the glove compound. The dried film or “skin” is later stripped off the forms, leaving perfectly molded gloves. There is no liner or fabric “supporting” the compound.
    V
    Vinyl (PVC) Glove material manufactured with synthetic PVC resins, which is comprised of a combination of chlorine and ethylene that is converted to PVC through a series of chemical reactions.
    W
    Wire Glove Dispenser Wall mounted holder designed to a hold glove dispenser. Designed to provide a fast, easy way to dispense gloves one at a time.
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