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Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

TermDefinitition
A
Abrasion ResistanceA glove's ability to protect against abrasions.
Allergen ContentGeneral measure of the glove's known allergy issues relating to a type of glove.
AmbidextrousGloves that can be worn on both left and right hands.
AQLAcceptable Quality Limit
ASTMThe American Society for Testing and Materials. An independent industry group that provides guidelines for standards for glove specification.
B
B GradeRejected medical grade gloves, often sold as multipurpose grade gloves.
Barrier IntegrityThe glove's ability to provide a protective barrier for a user.
Barrier ProtectionDefines a glove's ability to repel a substance and maintain protection for the user.
C
CaseRefers to the product packaging that holds glove dispensers inside.
Chemical ResistanceRefers to a glove's ability to protect a user from a specific substance agent.
ChlorinationThe process of cleaning latex gloves to reduce protein content (which can cause allergic reactions) and make the gloves more slippery so that they are easier to don.
CuffThe bottom edge of a glove. Can be a rolled cuff, gauntlet cuff, scalloped cuff or others.
CuringAlso known as vulcanization. A process in glove production where the glove compound is strengthened using heat or chemicals to create the glove material.
Cut ResistanceA glove's ability to protect the user from being cut.
D
DegradationMaterial breakdown in a glove.
DippingThe process through which a glove form is dipped into a chemical compound during production to begin shaping the glove from its raw material state.
Dispenser (DP)Refers to the product packaging from which gloves can be directly removed. Is delivered within the outer case.
Disposable GlovesSingle-use gloves intended to be discarded after one use.
DonThe act of putting a glove on.
Donning PowderPowder added to gloves to facilitate application and comfort of glove.
E
Each (EA)One single item
ElasticityRefers to a glove's ability to stretch and return to form.
ElongationMeasures a glove's ability to stretch and return to form.
Embossed FinishA textured finish created in the manufacture of poly glove manufacturing
F
Factory SecondsRejected medical grade gloves, often sold as multipurpose grade gloves.
FDAFood and Drug Administration
FDA 510 (k)Identifies gloves as being suitable for non-surgical medical use.
FinishThe outer texture of a glove.
Flat Pack (FP)Stacked, loose bags
Flock-linedFlock-lined gloves contain an inner liner composed of fibers that are used to improve the comfort of the glove.
Form, Feel and ComfortDefine the general fit, comfort and tactile feel provided by the glove.
FormerHand-like object that is dipped into the glove compound, and is used to shape the glove compound during production.
G
Glove MemoryMemory refers to a glove's ability to form to a user's hand, providing maximum comfort and less fatigue.
H
HACCPHazard Analysis and Critical Control Points
Header (HD)Cardboard piece at the top of a saddle pack of bags.
Human Rights CertificationIndependent plant level certification recognizing manufacturing facilities operating in a humane manner.
K
Knock Down (KD)Empty case, broken down
L
Latex (LTX)Latex is a natural rubber, extracted from the Hevea brasiliensis tree (rubber tree).
Latex AllergyAn allergy associated with contact with natural rubber latex.
Leaching The process of cleaning latex gloves that lowers exposure to latex allergy.
Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE)A thermoplastic made from monomer ethylene.
Low ProteinGloves tested to contain less than 50u grams of protein, the lowest allowable claim by FDA standards.
M
Master (MC)Outer case
MilUnit of measurement used to measure glove thickness 1 mil = 1/1000 inch
N
NeopreneA synthetic rubber glove material created from a polymerized form of Chloroprene.
Nitrile (NIT)Synthetic glove material consisting of acrylonitrile, butadiene and a carboxylic acid.
O
OEGHot-cast embossed (creates tiny air pockets permitting air to circulate around the hand) poly glove
Online ProductionPractice where gloves are taken directly off the main line and are not seconds or medical rejects.
OSHAOccupational Health and Safety Administration
OSFMOne size fits most
P
Pair (PR)Two gloves = a pair
Pinhole TestGlove quality testing method in which the glove is filled with water to detect holes.
PlasticizersChemical components added to synthetic gloves responsible for properties such as elongation, form, fit and function.
Polyethylene (OEG)Glove material produced through the polymerization of ethylene.
PolymerChemical compound comprised of molecules with repeating elements.
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)Glove compound used to create vinyl gloves comprised of a combination of chlorine and ethylene that is converted to PVC through a series of chemical reactions.
Powdered (PP)Gloves that are lightly powdered on the inside with food grade corn starch.
Powder-Free (PF)Gloves with no powder on the inside.
Protein ContentNatural latex rubber contains protein, which is the major contributor to latex allergy.
Puncture ResistanceRefers to a glove's ability to resist holes and tears caused by a pointed instrument.
R
ResistanceA glove's ability to protect the user from a chemical or physical condition or environmental contaminant.
Rolled CuffA cuff that is formed by rolling material up into a thicker band at the base of the glove.
S
Saddle Pack (SP)Bags packaged with a header; 200 bags per saddle pack.
Saddle Pack Wire HolderDesigned to stand on counter tops along kitchen lines to hold the saddle bags for easy access.
Siliconization or CopolymerizationA surface treatment that aids donning and provides greater comfort. Additional treatment of the outside glove surface can assure better grip in various wet and dry professional environments.
Skin-Free Contact ManufacturingA unique manufacturing process whereby the first human hands to touch the glove are the user's.
SMG Certification
(Standard Malaysian Glove)
Specifies technical requirements for all types of single-use, natural rubber examination gloves made in Malaysia and certified as Standard Malaysian Gloves (SMG). This is a non-governmental, voluntary organization.
Strength and DurabilityMeasures a glove's ability to perform under stress and pressure.
Supported GloveA glove that is created with a fabric liner under a protective coating.
Synthetic (SYN)Glove material made without latex.
T
Tactile SensitivityThe glove's ability to provide a realistic feel.
Tensile StrengthA glove's ability to resist tearing when stretched.
TextureA glove finish that allows for improved grip and slip resistance.
U
Unsupported GlovesUnsupported gloves are so named because porcelain hand forms are dipped directly into the glove compound. The dried film or "skin" is later stripped off the forms, leaving perfectly molded gloves. There is no liner or fabric "supporting" the compound.
V
Vinyl (PVC)Glove material manufactured with synthetic PVC resins, which is comprised of a combination of chlorine and ethylene that is converted to PVC through a series of chemical reactions.
W
Wire Glove DispenserWall mounted holder designed to a hold glove dispenser. Designed to provide a fast, easy way to dispense gloves one at a time.
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